UPSC All Updates 2021

UPSC All Updates - JobsCaptain

UPSC was found on 26’th January 1950 by the Constitution Assembly as they found necessary to give secure and autonomous status to Public Service Commissions after independence.

Union Public Service Commission exam came into existence under the article 315 of Indian constitution. The basic as well as the prominent role of UPSC is to recruit officers and students under Central Government.

The foremost functions of this commission is to advise the government on all  the matters related to recruitment for numerous posts in Indian services and to take care of the disciplinary cases related to civil services.

This was done to give smooth and unbiased recruitment to civil services in the interest of the general public.

Examination Carried by UPSC 2021


The following is the list of examination carried by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC):

Civil Services Examination

The Indian civil services is the backbone of India and carries great respect.

Graduate in any field can opt for these exams conducted by UPSC every year for the recruitment in various government sectors as I.A.S. and I.P.S. It is one of the most high profile jobs in the government sector.

Combined Engineering Services Examination

It is conducted by UPSC for four categories of engineering services: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering.

Engineers selected through the Combined Engineering Examination are appointed to various posts of organization like Indian Railways, Central Engineering Services. Indian Telecommunication Service, Central Power Engineering Service, Indian Ordnance Factory Service.

Central Police Force Examination

The UPSC conducts this examination for the post of Assistant Commandants (Group A) in Central Police Services i.e. Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).

Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force (ITBP), Sachastra Seema Bal (SSB). These all forces working for India comes under Central Government.

Combined Defense Services (CDS)

Indian Defense Services offer dignified, prestigious and attractive career opportunities. After selection, one can serve the Army, Air force or Navy, on administrative assignments, in medical services and in Engineering Services.

The nature of the responsibilities varies with diverse range of activities in the Defense Services. This service is for those who voluntary wants to serve country irrespective of caste, religion and community.

National Defense Academy

Recruitment of candidates to Army, Navy and Air Force wings of NDA is through entrance exam conducted by UPSC.

Candidates give option for two Academies i.e. National Defense Academy and Naval Academy. Candidate is given service according to the rank. If candidate opts for NDA then he has to give option for three wings i.e. Army, Navy or Air Force.

Indian Economic Service Examination (IES)

IES officers form a specialist cadre in the Indian Civil Service of Government of India which gives economic advice with policy formation. This comes under Finance Ministry.

The role of IES can be categories as providing economic advice and administration, implementation of development programs and also dealing with the areas of economic reforms, price fixation and also looking after administrative matters. The Department of Economic Affairs controls IES.

Geologist Examination

It is a promising field for both men and women.

Today many Geologists Scientists are engaged in environmental aspects such as urban and rural planning, exploration of fresh sources of water and prevention of its pollution, landfill closure etc. Many Geologist offer for Earth Science teacher, College professor and in exploration companies.

Geology is a truly interdisciplinary science, its career potential branches into all related fields of science.

Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination

Indian railways is broadly divided and subdivided into zones, division and departments, each performing a particular function.

The highest rank in the Indian railways is the group A officers which are directly recruited by UPSC.

UPSC General Eligibility Criteria


Since UPSC exam is meant for numerous jobs or services, it is not possible to mention the eligibility criteria for each job or service that comes under UPSC, but general eligibility criteria can be discussed here:

  • To appear in UPSC test, you must have cleared 10+2 level from a recognized school or institution.
  • You should be physically and medically fit.
  • You are required to meet all the specifications mentioned in the application form of the exam for which you intend to appear. For example, for NDA you must have Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects at 10+2 level.

(In the UPSC, there are different criteria as per the different-different exams)

UPSC Exam Pattern


Most of the UPSC examination are divided into two papers in which one paper will be based on Mathematics and other one will be on General Ability Test which has English and General Knowledge sections.

Prelims Exam pattern

The UPSC exam pattern for the Preliminary stage consists of two papers, conducted on same day.

Paper Type No. of Questions Marks Duration Negative Marks
General Studies I Objective 100 200 2 hours Yes
General Studies II (CSAT) Objective 80 200 2 hours Yes

Mains Exam Pattern

The UPSC exam pattern for the Mains stage consists of nine (9) papers conducted over 6-7 days.

Paper Subject Duration Total Marks
Paper A Compulsory Indian language 3 hours 300
Paper B English 3 hours 300
Paper I Essay 3 hours 250
Paper II General Studies I 3 hours 250
Paper III General Studies II 3 hours 250
Paper IV General Studies III 3 hours 250
Paper V General Studies IV 3 hours 250
Paper VI Optional I 3 hours 250
Paper VII Optional II 3 hours 250

Syllabus 2021


Generally the objective of UPSC exam is to assess aspirant’s overall intellectual attributes along with the depth of comprehension instead of restricting it to just their level of knowledge and memory.

For the optional subject papers’ scope of the syllabus is up to the honors degree level. All the nine papers that constitute UPSC exam are required to be answered in the conventional essay type answers.

Paper I:

First paper of UPSC exam is about any one of the Indian Language which is selected by the candidate from the list of languages which are included in the Indian Constitution’s the Eight Schedule.

Candidates have more than 30 languages to choose from.

Paper II:

Second paper of UPSC exam is of English. There are two papers of the subject. The papers are specifically designed to judge the first-hand knowledge as well as critical text reading from the prescribed English Literature.

Paper III:

Third paper of UPSC exam is of Essay. Students appearing for the exam are asked to write an essay on a specific topic from the given choice of subjects.

They are supposed to remain affix to the topic given and at the same time express their opinion and be able to write concisely. those who are capable of expressing their opinions in the most effective manner score more over others.

Paper IV and V:

These papers are of General Studies. If candidate is a well-educated person then it is not hard for him/her to answer the questions asked in the General Studies.

Answers to the questions in these papers are easy to answer for a qualified person without the need of any specified study of the subject as the questions are meant to assess the general awareness of different subjects which are related to career in Civil Services.

Papers VI, VII, VIII and IX:

For these papers candidates are required to choose any two subjects of their choice from the list of optional subjects. Thereafter, two papers are set for each subject chosen by the candidate.

There are 25 subjects in total from which candidates are required to choose any two subjects. These subjects are listed below.

Agriculture Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Anthropology Botany Chemistry Civil Engineering Commerce & Accountancy Economics
Electrical Engineering Geography Geology History Law Management Mathematics Mechanical Engineering
Medical Science Philosophy Physics Political Science & International Relations Psychology Public Administration Sociology Statistics and Zoology

Candidates must qualify in both Preliminary and Main exams for moving further in UPSC exam. After qualifying successful in both exams, candidates are called for an interview which is the final stage of the exam.

In the context of UPSC exams, candidates must keep in mind that perfection is the only criteria on which scores are allotted. Just having knowledge about all the syllabus is not enough as you must be able to answer the entire question paper in the given time in the given word limit and also in precise manner.

Selection in UPSC


After clearing the written test successfully, you will be required to face multiple round of interviews, group discussions and a Medical test (wherever necessary).

UPSC Preparation Tips for Exam


Practice is the mantra to crack UPSC exam.

Here we given few tips on how to prepare your self for UPSC exam 2021.

  • Do not think restlessly, instead concentrate on your exam with calm mind. Lest, you will feel nervous and uneasy.
  • Remember, you need to be fully dedicated to your competitive exam preparation.
  • Make a proper planning for your preparation and execute it too.
  • Keep your confidence level high and take deep interest in the subjects of importance.
  • Learn to fight with fatigue but spare some time for relaxation too.
  • Check your speed, output by self testing on your own in advance. For this you can appear in the mock test.
  • Figure out your weak points and work on them so that they disappear before your exam day.

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